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A historical insight on Finnish education policy from 1944 to 2011

TitleA historical insight on Finnish education policy from 1944 to 2011
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsRisku M
Secondary TitleITALIAN JOURNAL OF SOCIOLOGY OF EDUCATION
Volume6
Issue2
Pagination36-68
Date Published06/2014
PublisherPadova University Press
Place PublishedPadova, IT
ISSN Number2035-4983
KeywordsEducation policy, Finland, local autonomy, social justice
Abstract

This paper examines the Finnish education policy from 1944 to 2011 describing historical and social contexts and revealing underlying societal aims and approaches. The examination is based on the institutional strand of contingency theory and focuses on two key progressions. The first one deals with social justice and the second one with the relationship between the State and the municipalities. Two fundamental political eras are identified and examined. The first one, 1944-1980, comprises the State’s will to achieve social justice through a centralized, norm-based and system-oriented administration. The second one, 1980-2011, involves the decentralization of administration with which the State tries to preserve and advance social justice, and to develop local autonomy.

URLhttp://ijse.padovauniversitypress.it/2014/2/3
DOI10.14658/pupj-ijse-2014-2-3
Paper: