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The Principal Transformational Leadership Strategy in Developing National Policies for Strengthening Character Education in Eastern Indonesia

TitleThe Principal Transformational Leadership Strategy in Developing National Policies for Strengthening Character Education in Eastern Indonesia
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2020
AuthorsEffendi YRustan, Bafadal I, I Sudana NDegeng, Arifin I
Secondary TitleItalian Journal of Sociology of Education
Date Published06/2020
PublisherPadova University Press
Place PublishedPadova, IT
ISSN Number 2035-4983
Keywordsand lonto leok culture teaching dimension, character education strengthening, character value, principal, transformational leadership

This study aims to describe the development of national education policies by uniting the main character values set by the Indonesian Ministry of Education with the moral values of the Lonto leok culture of the Manggarai community. Also, to find out and explain the role of the principal’s leadership based on the Lonto Leok culture teaching approach. This research used a qualitative approach, case study design. To achieve research objectives, data collection through in-depth interviews, observation of participants, and study documentation. Data analysis used a modified analytic analysis method. Data validity is assessed based on the level of credibility, transferability, dependability, and confirmability. The results of the study explained that the school’s character values derived from the unification of national character values and the cultural values of Lonto Leok culture had an effective impact on shaping the character of students at school. Besides, explaining that the application of the principal’s transformational leadership role model based on the approach of Lonto Leok’s cultural teaching dimensions encourages all components of the school, parents, and community to actively participate in supporting the implementation of character education strengthening programs in schools. The contribution of this research is to position the moral values of the “Lonto Leok” culture of the Manggarai community as local cultural assets that support the formation of student character. Also, the dimensions of teaching lonto leok culture affect effectively supporting the principal’s transformational leadership behavior, so that the program to strengthen character education is optimally implemented.