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University guidance services and support in the transition from education to work

TitleUniversity guidance services and support in the transition from education to work
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsCapogna S
Secondary TitleItalian Journal of Sociology of Education
Volume3
Issue1
Pagination140-171
Date PublishedFebruary 2011
PublisherPadova University Press
Place PublishedPadova, IT
ISSN Number2035-4983
Keywordsbiographical paths; temporality; social dimensions of orientation; attitudes towards transition; personal resources
Abstract

Given that the transition from education to employment has become increasingly difficult, long and uncertain, legislators have been forced to consider new means of access to the job market. Guidance appears to be the most adequate tool to help young people (the most vulnerable in this process) take charge of their destinies and to sustain frequent periods of transition from school to work or from one job to another. The the aim of the present article is to understand whether and how Italian university services are able to support students by providing a range of guidance services that foster professional development and effective decisionmaking. Following a brief overview of the Italian guidance system, the paper presents some findings from an empirical pilot-study carried out in Rome (Università La Sapienza) on a small sample of cases (ten in-depth interviews). What emerges is a high level of disorientation among students, the inefficiency of guidance as the mere provision of information desk services, and individuals’ difficulty in developing a realistic life project during the course of their studies. A double-dimension approach is suggested, based on a time axis and the creation of an individual life project, which identifies four types of attitudes towards transition (transition as destiny; transition as an arena, transition as performance, transition as discontinuity) found among university students.

URLhttp://ijse.padovauniversitypress.it/2011/1/7
DOI10.14658/pupj-ijse-2011-1-7
Paper: